Psalms 51 pt II
Psalm 1 - how to have a blessed, happy life
Psalm 8 - Having the right view of God
Psalm 15 - How to have fellowship with God both now and
Psalm 27 - Responding to enemies with confidence instead
Psalm 51 - What to do when we've sinned.
- this morning we're going to continue our study of Psalm 51
- this Psalm breaks into three natural divisions
- verse 1-6 - David's repentance - the admission of his
- verses 7-12 - David's prayer requests - we'll talk more
about that this morning.
- verses 13-19 - David's "resolutions" - Lord willing,
we'll study them next week.
- last week we studied the background of this Psalm and then
worked through verses 1-2.
- we said that in this (I. Prayer of Repentance), David
cried out for mercy in verse 1 and cleansing in verse 2.
- the overall points last week was that, after we've blown
it, we better know what direction to go.
- It's almost like we have two dressers to choose from,
one that will take us down the path of being restored
to God, the other that will take us further down the
path of sin.
- the "dresser" we want to avoid has drawers like:
- the "excuse" drawer
- the "blame it on someone else" drawer
- the "be defensive" drawer
- the "get on a ship to Tarshish" (run from God) drawer
- nosing around any of those drawers is just going to take us
further down the path of sin.
- but the Lord is teaching us in Psalm 51 that the first
"drawer" we better run to is the one containing the mercy
- after we've blown it, we must recognize our great need of
- the believer who recognizes that, and admits that, and
moves toward that--is well on his/her way to being
restored to the Father.
- verse 2 taught us that David also prayed for cleansing.
- this issue is going to come up again in verses 7 and 10,
so we'll wait till we get there to say any more about
cleansing except to remind ourselves that if we can't
honestly pray verse 2, then we're really not repentant.
- we may not know exactly how we're going to be
- we may not fully understand how we're going to "get
along" without that sinful habit that we've
indulged in so long.
- but if we don't desire to be cleansed--whatever process
we're going through is not biblical repentance.
- now let's keep moving down through this Psalm, looking for
things the Lord is telling us about handling it when we've
C. A recognition of sin
- verse 3-4
- David says in verse 3 - I acknowledge my sin.
- in other words, I admit that I was wrong--I admit
that I am guilty
- no excuses, defending--instead, a clear
acknowledgement of sin.
- one writer on this subject said, "True confession is not a
lifeless acknowledgement of committed sin. It is a vivid
consciousness of one's sinfulness, accompanied by
restlessness, anguish, and a burden of guilt that causes a
man to cry out for mercy. David acknowledged his
transgressions in the light of their awful significance. So
intense was David's guilt that he could never forget his sin.
Regardless of the beauty of the evening or the peacefulness
of the hillside, his transgressions loomed before him. He
could not escape their haunting presence in his life. God had
used the searing words of Nathan the prophet like a branding
iron to impress upon David's mind the reality that he, like
any of his humblest subjects, was a sinner.
- you might look at verse 4 and say - "How could that be
INPUT - please tell me - why do we struggle with this
verse? (because it leaves out the many people who were
also sinned against.)
- however, it's important that we don't miss the very
important point that David is making here--his
recognition of how he had sinned against a holy God
was so focused and so intense--(at least at this point
in the repentance process)--that there "wasn't room"
for thinking about everyone else involved (that would
- but now it was time to think about how what
happened on that warm evening in Jerusalem (and
the subsequent sins against other people) was
first and foremost an offense agaist God.
- that perspective doesn't come automatically, but it has to
come if you and I are going to be genuinely repentant.
- this recognition would also help us cut down on some
of the blaming and excusing
- when we're focused on the people involved--we
might try to blame as much of it on their sins and
shortcomings as possible
- but when we focus on how we sinned against
God--there aren't any excuses or reasons for
- there's a number of places in the Scripture that attempt to
help us see sin from this perspective.
- I Cor. 8:12 - READ
- of this these verses ought to lead us to some
questions. How faithful are you at confessing your
sins to the Father?
- it's possible for a person to have progressed
spiritually to the point of asking other
people's forgiveness when they've sinned--but
not to recognize that sin as an affront against
a holy God.
- we need to hear David's emphasis; "Against thee and thee
only have I sinned."
- it's very exciting to see what the Lord is doing in our
Sunday School class and in our church. the great number
of new folks are a great encouragement and blessing.
- but I think we all need to recognize that in a church
like ours which spends a lot of time teaching what
the Scriptures say about the home and families --
- that it's possible for a person to see the need
of these truths, and even to begin to apply these
- but to do so in a very "humanistic" manner,
or a very horizontal manner
- it ought to upset me that my sin offends
- it ought to upset me that my sin offends
- it ought to upset me first that my sin
offends my God.
- sometimes that component is lacking,
and if so, the repentance is
incomplete and ineffective.
D. A Realization of depravity
- verses 5-6
- you know that David's not saying the procreation
process is sinful--that would violate a number of other
passages in the Scripture.
- but the point David is making here is an important one:
- let's "bat it around for a minute" - INPUT - how
does this concept fit in with what David is
discussing and why is it an important part of the
- (he realized that this wasn't a "freak event," or
an "oops," or a "one time only issue.")
- it was part of his lifelong, ongoing struggle with sin
- before we move out of this first section in Psalm 51, let
me ask you:
- do you and David have the "same kind of heart" when it
comes to the matter of repentance?
- do you find yourself praying and thinking similar
kinds of thoughts?
- is it possible that you struggle with repeating the
"same kinds of sins over and over and over" because
your repentance does not match the characteristics
set forth in Psalm 51?
- in verses 7-12, the passage takes a different direction.
- verses 1-6 mainly deal with David's admission or
- i.e. "here's what I've done,"
- verses 7-12 are David's prayer requests.
- he recognizes the important balance between what he must
do in the repentance process, and what He must ask God
- repentance that focuses only on what God must do is
irresponsible and incomplete.
- repentance that focuses only on what man must do is
humanistic, "of the flesh," and sure to fall short.
- nowhere is the delicate balance between God's
sovereignty and human responsibility more important.
- instead of going verse by verse through this part of the
passage, we'd like to "draw out" three main themes that
are actually repeated in the verses:
II. A Prayer Of Renewal
A. I ask for your cleansing - v. 7, v. 10
- David needed to be cleansed positionally so he
could be returned to a position of favor before God
- He also needed to be cleansed practically so he
would not repeat this kind of sinfulness in the
- the believer in Christ also needs to be cleansed.
- we're cleansed by the blood of Christ at salvation
(Hebrews 9:11-15, 10:22)
- we're cleansed through the Word as we continue to grow
- (Eph. 5:26)
- I'd like to stop at this point and have us think about the
question "exactly what did David need to be cleansed of?"
- in the next few minutes, I'm going to be drawing
material from the book "Forgotten Factors" by Roy
- we could have talked about this information when we
discussing the first six verses--but I wanted to get a
little further into the passage before we did.
- I would highly recommend this book, and I hope you won't
feel like you shouldn't buy it lest someone think you
are in deep sexual sin.
- the thesis of the book is that when a person is caught
up in sexual sin, there are often "strands" or
characteristics of that sin that are overlooked, i.e.
- the reason I think this would be a good book for everyone
to read is because that thesis could apply to any area of
sinfulness we were trying to handle--and could be very
beneficial for all of us.
- David has been asking for "thorough, complete" cleansing.
- that assumes that he, and we, have thought through all
the ways our sin "was sinful."
- here are four selected "forgotten factors" in sexual sin.
- when we think about sexual sin, we typically think
about the lust that was involved, and the misuse of
our bodies. Those are the things a person in sexual
sin would typically "confess."
- but what about the theft that was involved?
- read selected parts of Forgotten Factors, pg. 20-
2) multiplied duplicities
- almost always when sexual sin is present, lying and
duplicity is involved as well.
- You know that the story of David and Bathsheba are
known are known, at least in skeletal fashion, by many
in our world.
- Hollywood has even tried to reenact these events.
- but the "spin" that is usually put to this story by
those who haven't carefully studied the verses is
that David had a great love for Bathsheba, and that
that love motivated him to do what he did.
- the fact is--David had a great love for himself. That
self-love motivated him to an unbelievable web of lies
and deceptive acts in order to try to cover and
- the point is - yes, he needed to be cleansed of the lust,
and the sexual sin--but he also needed to be cleansed of
his deceptive lifestyle.
- read selected parts of pages 36-37
3) sin against own body
- I Cor. 3:17 - READ
- the NT speaks strongly about our bodies being united
with Christ--and the importance of using these
bodies to bring honor to Christ.
- page 51
4) Wrong against God
- we spoke earlier about recognizing this sin as a sin
against God--but let's work on that a little more.
- let's go back to II Sam. 11 and see how God tried to
help David see what this sin revealed about his
relationship with Him.
- read II Sam. 12:7-9
- what is the Lord "putting his finger on" in these
verses? (the matter of unthankfulness)
- cf. satan's method with Adam/Eve
- Page 59, 61
B. I ask for your forgiveness
- v. 9, 11
C. I ask for restored joy in you
- v. 8, v. 12