God's Word #3

Faith Church December 21, 1991

- we're in our third topic of Basic Bible truths, talking
  about God's provision through His Word

- last week we started talked about how we interpret the
  Bible - we said we:

III. Need To Approach It Honestly

    - when we talk about principles of Bible study - we're
      talking about hermeneutics

        - hermeneutics - "the art and science of Bible

          science - because it is guided by orderly rules
                    within time and space
          art - application of the rules requires skill

    A. Interpret the Bible by the Bible

- we left off at this example

            b. Matthew 21:22 - READ

                - INPUT - what kinds of things have you heard
                       said about prayer from this verse?
                       (name it and claim it)

                - INPUT - what does the rest of the Bible say
                     about that?

            1) James 5:16 - prayer of a righteous man
                    availeth much

            2) Psalm 66:18 - If I regard iniquity in my
                  heart, the Lord will not hear me

            3) Mark 11:25 - When you stand praying, forgive,
                 ...that your Father, also, who is in heaven,
                    may forgive you your trespasses.

            4) James 4:3 - Ye ask, and receive not, because
                   you ask amiss, that you may consume it
                   upon your own lusts

            5) II Cor. 12:7-9 - (Paul's thorn in the flesh)
                   the answer may be no

            6) Matt. 26:39 - (our Lord) - if it be possible,
                   let this cup pass from me



    B. Interpret the Bible by the context

        1. definition

            con - "together
            textus - "woven

            "the connection of thought which runs through
             every passage on a given subject"

        2. surrounding verses

            - a great rule to remember - "keep reading!"

            a. Matt. 18:20

               - sometimes used as a tool to get "God's
                 stamp of approval on what we happen to be
                 doing/deciding at the moment"

               - INPUT - how does the context help us here?
                   (church discipline)

            b. Matt. 7:1

               - sometimes used to say that a believer should
                 never speak to another person about an area
                 of sinfulness because that’s "judging"

               - cf. v 5

               INPUT - ways to be sure we're interpreting
                  verses in their context?  (read the passage
                  over several times in several different
                  versions, purchase a good commentary)

            3. parallel passages

                - some verses do not have immediate contexts
                - cf. the book of Proverbs
                - it's important (in those cases and in all
                   cases) to consider what other passages
                   about that same topic say

                - cf. study of "leave and cleave" in Gen.
                     - word literally means "abandon"
                     - if we just studied the passage by
                       itself, we'd probably conclude that a
                       couple ought to get married, leave
                       home/parents, and never come back

                       INPUT - how do we know that an
                          interpretation that strong can't be
                          correct?  (by comparing other
                          passages that address the place
                          grandparents have in the upbringing
                          of children - Deut. 4:9 - "teach
                          them to thy sons, and to thy son's
                          sons.") - point - parallel passages

                - cf. study on marriage, divorce, and
                  remarriage in I Cor. 7
                     - also must consider what other places
                       in the Bible say about that

                - INPUT - what kind of helps can be of
                    benefit here?  (study Bibles/cross
                    references - computer programs)

            4. word studies

                a. can be very helpful

                    I Peter 3:1 - "...without the Word be won
                         by the 'conversation' of the wives"

- sample Strong's study

    p. 218 - format:
      - organized by English word (in KJV - other versions
      - find English word - all uses of that English word are
          listed - because this is an "exhaustive"
          concordance (contrast to those in back of our
      - at the right - a number - which represents the
          original word our English word is translated from
      - note different numbers for the same word (in diff.
        passages) - simply means that, as in any language,
        there aren't the exact same number of words and word
        meanings from language to language - so the
        translators "match them up."
      - another complicating factor is that words tend to
        change meanings even within the same language
          - therefore, the way folks used English in 1611 is
            different than the way we use it today

      - you can look up the numbers at the back, in Strongs
         Hebrew is p. 7 - 126, Greek is p. 7 (in my version,
         they start the page numbering over) -79

- I've copied the page from Strongs which has I Peter 3:1 -
    "conversation" and the page from the Greek section which
     is referenced
- we can do two things with these pages

    1) find out what the original Greek word meant
    2) see the way the English word is used in other passages

- I'm going to break you up into groups and ask you to study
    I Peter 3:1 using both facets of these Strong's pages and
    come up with a conclusion for the meaning of
       - try to support your answer with as much proof as

                b. need to be careful

                    I Cor. 7:1 - develop - "touch a woman"
                     (must look at the argument of the passage)

            5. grammar

                 Rom. 8:13 - subject of the verb

            6. who is speaking

            7. who is spoken to

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